• Courtney Hittle

July 15, 1958

Listen to a recording of the letter below

GAD! What does all of this mean?

More about the references made in the letter below...

"Langham was one of about 14,000 U.S. soldiers and Marines sent into Lebanon starting in July as part of Operation Blue Bat, an effort to shore up the government of President Camille Chamoun."-Ted Rhode, Stars and Stripes

According to Global Security. org, the President of Lebanon and the King of Jordan requested U.S. aid from President Eisenhower, who ordered for Army and Marine units to arrive in Lebanon July 15, 1958.

The Christian President of Lebanon, Chamille Chamoun, was under fire from Gamal Abdel Nasser and Lebanese Muslims, for keeping ties with the Western world. He also "allegedly manipulated the parliamentary elections of June 1957," according to Zina Hemady of Photorientalism.

The U.S. stayed in Beirut until October of 1958, after US Deputy Undersecretary of State, Robert Murphy, US Ambassador to Lebanon Robert McClintock, and Lebanese President Cammille Chamoun met to discuss a peace agreement. Murphy "gave the rebel leaders assurances that the US military’s presence was not intended to keep Chamoun in power." Murphy also called for an immediate election in Lebanon (Hemady).

1954 Camp Lejeune, N.C. Administration Building, Second Marine Division, Marine Base postcard

Luray Caverns, August 30, 1956 (Photo collected by Jordan Smith of Cardboard America)

"More than three hundred thousand people visit the world famous attraction each year. it is the Largest Cave in Virginia - the Most Beautiful Cave in the World. Located on lee Highway U.S. 211 only ninety miles from Washington, D.C. and within sight of the scenic Skyline Drive."

Want to do more research? Check out the sources I used below!

CJ-2-Administration Building, Second Marine Division, Marine Base, Camp Lejeune, N.C. Stevens Point, Wisconsin. Ebay, Accessed 9 April 2020.

Frozen Fountain-Luray, Virginia. 1956. Cardboard America on Flickr, Accessed 9 April 2020.

Hemady, Zina. "Operation Blue Bat: The 1958 U.S. Invasion of Lebanon." Photorientalist, Accessed 9 April 2020.

Klee, Paul.Twittering Machine. 1922. Museum of Modern Art, New York.The Artchive, Accessed May 2006.

"Operation Blue Bat-1958." Global Security, Accessed 9 April 2020.

Rohde, Ted. Lebanon, September, 1958. 1958. Stars and Stripes Archive. Stars and Stripes, Accessed 9 April 2020.

"The 1958 U.S. Marine Invasion of Lebanon – It was no day at the beach." ADST, Accessed 9 April 2020.


© 2023 by EMILIA COLE. Proudly created with